Think and Grow Rich

🔖How would I describe this book in 1 sentence?

The undying classic, the practical guidebook of how to take control over your life.

🗺️What was the role of this book in my journey?

I was not ready for this book.

I usually listen content on 1.2-1.3x speed and major portion of the book consists of stories which is listened perfectly on that speed. But some parts of this book are so rich with practical insights and guidelines, that I simply couldn't efficiently process them as they require deeper thought and consideration.

I got mixed feelings after listening to this book. Some ideas seemed too outdated to me (I didn't realize that the first version of the book dated 1937) and some of them are pure gold.

All the fruitful and practical content in this book I couldn't manage to apply in practice due to being busy with various projects during the time.

I would definitely need to revisit it once again in the future.

💡Key Insights

  1. Desire: The Starting Point of All Achievement. The key to success is to define a goal and to pour all of your energy, power, and effort into achieving it. It may take many years before you are successful, but if you hold onto your desire, you will eventually attain what you seek.
  2. Faith: Visualization of and Belief in Attainment of Desire. The mind takes on the nature of the influences that guide it. A positive mind is more fertile to faith, and faith is the starting point for all success. The greatest factor holding you back from success? A lack of self-confidence
  3. Auto-Suggestion: The Medium for Influencing the Subconscious Mind. Auto-suggestion is synonymous with self-suggestion. It’s the bridge between the conscious and the subconscious mind. Merely reading words aloud will have no impact. You have to attach emotion to the words. When reciting your affirmations, you must encourage your desire to consume you. Your subconscious will only act upon thoughts that are felt.
  4. Specialized Knowledge: Personal Experiences or Observations. There are two types of knowledge: Specialized and general. General knowledge is of little use when attempting to accumulate wealth. Knowledge only generates money when organized and specifically directed to a definite end. To become successful, you must require specific knowledge in the area in which you intend to make your fortune.
  5. Imagination: The Workshop of the Mind. There are two types of imagination: synthetic and creative. Through synthetic imagination, you reformulate existing concepts, ideas, and plans into new forms. Nothing is created in this form of imagination because it works with existing mental material. Creative imagination is what springs forth from hunches and inspiration. Within it, new ideas are formed. This type of imagination can only be reached when your conscious mind is being stimulated through desire. It’s a muscle that must be trained.
  6. Organized Planning: The Crystallization of Desire Into Action. To obtain your fortune, you will need to collaborate with others. No individual can make it entirely on their own. If your plans fail, go back to the drawing board and keep trying until a plan works. Thomas Edison made 10,000 failed plans before he perfected the incandescent light bulb. His key to success was that he never gave up and kept formulating new plans when the previous ones had failed. To plan intelligently is the key to securing your fortune.
  7. Decision: The Mastery of Procrastination. Lack of decision, e.g., procrastination is one of the leading causes for failure. The most successful people make decisions quickly and definitely. Those who struggle to make a decision are often easily persuaded by the opinions of others.
  8. Persistence: The Sustained Effort Necessary to Induce Faith. Persistence is built upon strength of will. When desire is combined with willpower, little can stop you from reaching your goals. Most give up the minute things get too challenging. To persist in the face of adversity is the only way to advance.
  9. Power of the Master Mind: The Driving Force. Knowledge is converted into power by organizing it into definite plans. However, knowledge cannot be acquired alone. If your plans are thorough, then they will require the knowledge of others. By using the knowledge of the members of your Master Mind group, you can generate power. Cooperative alliances underpin nearly every great fortune ever amassed. A collection of minds produces results far greater than the sum of their parts.
  10. The Mystery of Sex Transmutation: The Tenth Step Towards Riches. Sex is our most primal and powerful drive. So strong is this desire that individuals often put their life and reputation on the line to indulge in it. However, when this sexual energy is redirected into other pursuits, it can have a far more potent effect. While this takes a significant amount of willpower, the effort is worth it.
  11. The Subconscious Mind: The Connecting Link. While you cannot control your subconscious mind, you can suggest it mulls over specific plans, desires, or goals that you wish to achieve. However, the subconscious can only be voluntarily directed through the process of habit. As your subconscious functions 24/7, you must be wary of the types of negative thought patterns and unproductive habits you are feeding into it. You must act to move away from such negative influences and move towards cultivating more positive, desire-driven states of mind.
  12. The Brain: A Broadcasting and Receiving Station for Thought
  13. The Sixth Sense: The Door to the Temple of Wisdom. What people call “flashes of inspiration,” or “hunches,” are messages from the Infinite Intelligence. The sixth sense is, therefore, a combination of the mental and the spiritual. When you learn to listen to the messages of your sixth sense, you will know when to avoid dangers and when to seize opportunities. It acts as a guardian angel of sorts. If you have accepted the previous chapters of his book, you will now be ready to accept this notion of the sixth sense without skepticism. The ability to listen to this power happens gradually while the other principles are being realized.
  14. Life is a checkerboard, and the player opposite you is TIME. If you hesitate before moving, or neglect to move promptly, your men will be wiped off the board by TIME. You are playing against a partner who will not tolerate INDECISION!
  15. Ideas are the beginning points of all fortunes
  16. Men with negative minds will find all the reasons for your ideas' failure. Develop protection mechanisms against negative thoughts & suggestions
  17. Your achievement can be no greater than your plans are sound
  18. If you fail to control your own mind, you may be sure you will control nothing else (c) Napoleon Hill
  19. Mind control is the result of self-discipline and habit. You either control your mind or it controls you. There is no halfway compromise.
  20. The most practical of all methods of controlling your mind is keeping it busy with your definite purpose backed by a definite plan
  21. Why do people cling to their pet alibis? The answer is obvious: They defend their alibis because they create them. A man's alibi is the child of his own imagination. It is human nature to defend its own brainchild
  22. The first and best victory is to conquer self. To be conquered by self is of all things the most shameful and vile.

🦅Key Principles

  1. Have faith in yourself in everything you do. Have confidence, trust, and an absolute, unwavering belief that you can do something
  2. Surround yourself with people that strive towards the same goals as you
  3. Visualize your goals
  4. Emotionally commit to your goals and desires
  5. Do not listen to the men with negative minds
  6. Do not allow basic fears to incapacitate your mind
  7. Create definite plans for achieving definite goals
  8. Control your mind through action. When faced with difficulties, procrastination, or bad mood - start acting and inspiration will follow
  9. Specialize your knowledge
  10. Spend the rest of your natural life waking up and going after your goals
  11. Listen to other people's opinions but remember they’re just opinions. Take them with a grain of salt: smile, be respectful, thank the people who expressed them and do your things regardless.
  12. Be decisive in your actions. Once decision is made, do not question or regret it anymore


13 Principles Of Success

  1. Desire
  2. Faith
  3. Auto-suggestion
  4. Specialized Knowledge
  5. Imagination
  6. Organized Planning
  7. Decision
  8. Persistence
  9. The Power of the Master Mind
  10. Sex Transmutation
  11. The Subconscious Mind
  12. The Brain
  13. The Sixth Sense

6 Steps of Attaining Riches

  1. Decide exactly how much money you wish to make, to the dollar.
  2. Determine what you are willing to give to receive this amount of money.
  3. Choose a date by which you want to have amassed this amount of money.
  4. Create a plan of how to achieve your goal and begin at once, whether you feel ready or not.
  5. Write all of the above down in a clear statement.
  6. Read this written statement aloud, twice a day – first thing in the morning and last thing at night. Visualize your life as if you already own this amount of money.

5-Fold Affirmation Exercise


  1. Find a quiet place where you won’t be disturbed, and repeat aloud your written statement. As you do so, visualize having that money.
  2. Repeat this morning and night until you have a clear image in your mind of all the money you wish to make.
  3. Place this written statement where you can see it first thing in the morning and last thing at night. Read it until you have committed it to memory.


  1. Know that you are capable of achieving your goal, and you must promise to be persistent in pursuit of this endeavor.
  2. The dominating thoughts of your mind will result in physical action and change your reality. You must, therefore, spend 30 minutes each day thinking about the type of person you want to become.
  3. For ten minutes each day, focus on increasing your sense of self-confidence.
  4. Write down a description of your goal, and don’t stop reaching for it until it’s attained.
  5. Come to realize that you cannot have enduring success if you attained it through immoral means. Therefore, make a promise to only engage in a transaction if it benefits all that are involved. A negative attitude towards humanity will never bring you success.

Commit this method to memory, and repeat it aloud once a day to become successful.

4 Steps To Put Your Plan Into Action

  1. Ally yourself with a Master Mind group that consists of people who will help you carry out your plan.
  2. However, before assembling the group, be sure to ascertain what it is you can offer each of the members in return for their work.
  3. Meet with the group at least twice a week, or more if possible, until a solid plan has been created.
  4. Maintain good relations between you and the group at all times.

6 Basic Fears

  1. Fear of Poverty
  2. Fear of Criticism
  3. Fear of Ill Health
  4. Fear of Loss of Love
  5. Fear of Old Age
  6. Fear of Death

8-Stage Action Plan To Cultivate Persistence

  1. Definiteness of purpose: Knowing exactly what you want.
  2. Desire: Becoming obsessed with amassing your monetary fortune.
  3. Self-reliance: Belief that you can follow your plan increases your persistence.
  4. Definiteness of plans: Organized, thorough plans guide you forward.
  5. Accurate knowledge: Ensuring that your plans are based on fact.
  6. Co-operation: Members of your Master Mind can encourage you to persist.
  7. Willpower: Concentrating your attention on seeing your plans through to completion.
  8. Habit: Persistence is the direct result of habit. What you do daily becomes who you are. By repeatedly acting courageously, fear can be overcome.

3 Ways of Accumulating Power:

  1. Infinite intelligence
  2. Accumulated experience
  3. Experiment and research

28 Questions for Self-Analysis

Organize self-analysis sessions at least once per year. Dedicate at least 1 whole day to thoroughly answer all these questions. Answer the questions honestly. If you don't know the answer to a question, seek help from those who know you well, but those who don't have incentive to flatter you.

  1. Have I attained the goal which I established as my objective for this year? (You should work with a definite yearly objective to be attained as a part of your major life objective.)
  2. Have I delivered service of the best possible quality of which I was capable, or could I have improved any part of this service?
  3. Have I delivered service in the greatest possible quantity of which I was capable?
  4. Has the spirit of my conduct been harmonious and cooperative at all times?
  5. Have I permitted the habit of procrastination to decrease my efficiency and if so, to what extent?
  6. Have I improved my personality, and if so, in what ways?
  7. Have I been persistent in following my plans through to completion?
  8. Have I reached decisions promptly and definitely on all occasions?
  9. Have I permitted any one or more of the six basic fears [poverty, criticism, ill health, loss of love of someone, old age, death] to decrease my efficiency?
  10. Have I been either “over-cautious,” or “under-cautious”?
  11. Has my relationship with my associates in work been pleasant, or unpleasant? If it has been unpleasant, has the fault been partly, or wholly mine?
  12. Have I dissipated any of my energy through lack of concentration of effort?
  13. Have I been open-minded and tolerant in connection with all subjects?
  14. In what way have I improved my ability to render service?
  15. Have I been intemperate in any of my habits?
  16. Have I expressed, either openly or secretly, any form of egotism?
  17. Has my conduct toward my associates been such that it has induced them to respect me?
  18. Have my opinions and decisions been based upon guesswork, or accuracy of analysis and thought?
  19. Have I followed the habit of budgeting my time, my expenses, and my income, and have I been conservative in these budgets?
  20. How much time have I devoted to unprofitable effort which I might have used to better advantage?
  21. How may I re-budget my time, and change my habits so I will be more efficient during the coming year?
  22. Have I been guilty of any conduct which was not approved by my conscience?
  23. In what ways have I rendered more service and better service than I was paid to render?
  24. Have I been unfair to anyone, and if so, in what way?
  25. If I had been the purchaser of my own services for the year, would I be satisfied with my purchase?
  26. Am I in the right vocation, and if not, why not?
  27. Has the purchaser of my services been satisfied with the service I have rendered, and if not, why not?
  28. What is my present rating on the fundamental principles of success? (Make this rating fairly, and frankly, and have it checked by someone who is courageous enough to do it accurately.)

55 Famous Alibis (Excuses For Failure) By Old Man "If"

  1. IF I didn’t have a wife and family. . .
  2. IF I had enough “pull” . . .
  3. IF I had money . . .
  4. IF I had a good education . . .
  5. IF I could get a job . . .
  6. IF I had good health . . .
  7. IF I only had time . . .
  8. IF times were better . . .
  9. IF other people understood me . . .
  10. IF conditions around me were only different . . .
  11. IF I could live my life over again . . .
  12. IF I did not fear what “THEY” would say . . .
  13. IF I had been given a chance . . .
  14. IF I now had a chance . . .
  15. IF other people didn’t “have it in for me” . . .
  16. IF nothing happens to stop me . . .
  17. IF I were only younger . . .
  18. IF I could only do what I want . . .
  19. IF I had been born rich . . .
  20. IF I could meet “the right people” . . .
  21. IF I had the talent that some people have . . .
  22. IF I dared assert myself . . .
  23. IF I only had embraced past opportunities . . .
  24. IF people didn’t get on my nerves . . .
  25. IF I didn’t have to keep house and look after the children . . .
  26. IF I could save some money . . .
  27. IF the boss only appreciated me . . .
  28. IF I only had somebody to help me . . .
  29. IF my family understood me . . .
  30. IF I lived in a big city . . .
  31. IF I could just get started . . .
  32. IF I were only free . . .
  33. IF I had the personality of some people . . .
  34. IF I were not so fat . . .
  35. IF my talents were known . . .
  36. IF I could just get a “break” . . .
  37. IF I could only get out of debt . . .
  38. IF I hadn’t failed . . .
  39. IF I only knew how . . .
  40. IF everybody didn’t oppose me . . .
  41. IF I didn’t have so many worries . . .
  42. IF I could marry the right person . . .
  43. IF people weren’t so dumb . . .
  44. IF my family were not so extravagant . . .
  45. IF I were sure of myself . . .
  46. IF luck were not against me . . .
  47. IF I had not been born under the wrong star . . .
  48. IF it were not true that “what is to be will be” . . .
  49. IF I did not have to work so hard . . .
  50. IF I hadn’t lost my money . . .
  51. IF I lived in a different neighborhood . . .
  52. IF I didn’t have a “past” . . .
  53. IF I only had a business of my own . . .
  54. IF other people would only listen to me . . .
  55. IF — and this is the greatest of them all — I had the courage to see myself as I really am, I would find out what is wrong with me, and correct it, then I might have a chance to profit by my mistakes and learn something from the experience of others, for I know that there is something WRONG with me, or I would now be where I WOULD HAVE BEEN IF I had spent more time analyzing my weaknesses, and less time building alibis to cover them.

10 lessons from the book

  1. Thoughts are powerful things.In the first paragraph, Hill argues that thinking is more conducive to success than any other feature, including money, education, or specific knowledge about something. The man that “thinks” he can accomplish something is already a step forward toward the finish line. But thinking in itself might be a too general term. That’s why Hill translates thinking as a mixture of initiative, faith, willingness to win, and resilience.Failure is also taken into consideration, being considered a necessary part of the learning process, but it gets us closer to the end goal only if we take it the right way and decide to persist nonetheless, no matter what it is that might show up on our journey.Now, there’s another prerequites that must be beared in mind: being clear about the goal that we want to achieve. George Harrison once said “If you don’t know where you’re going, any road will take you there”; even before making sure that you’re determined enough to take the high road, make sure you properly pave the way.
  2. Desire. Of course all of us has different goals and dreams for ourselves, but have you ever asked yourself this question? It might seem superfluous at first, but it is only when we really, really want something, that we’ll do whatever is necessary to achieve it. Therefore, in an hypotethic, overall scheme, desire is the one stage that links thoughts and actions together:Thoughts → Committment (or Desire) → ActionRemember that Columbus dreamed of an unknown shore, the Wright brothers imagined a machine that could fly through air, and Henry Ford envisioned a carriage without horses. These people had two things in common: first, they were resilient enough to overcome other people’s critiques and repeated failures in their attempts. Second, they had a vision that was clear enough and that, with the combination of a burning desire, inevitably led them to success.Therefore, it is only when you completely burn all the bridges that are holding you to the past and start thinking in a different way that you can win in life. You can have either excuses or results, not both. Hence, be willing to cut them off before they become a real impediment to your personal growth.
  3. How bad do you want it?

  4. Faith.Faith, in Hill’s words, means convincing yourself that your goal is achievable. And faith can be trained and improved through self-suggestion. If you believe in something or have a specific end in mind, practice convincing your mind of the opportunity to realize that goal, and after a while, your mind will start to subconsciously act on behalf of your belief system. In a nutshell, you become what you think about.Faith is the great equalizer; in a lot of cases, it is the cause of misery and failure, but becoming aware of its power and steer its force toward meaningful aims often times makes all the difference in the world.Purposefully avoid negative emotions and focus all of your energy on positivity; this world is now more abundant than ever, and we have no excuses — none — for not realizing our fullest potential.Hill also mentions the importance of writing your goals down, repeating them day in and day out for thirty minutes a day, and promising yourself that you’ll be relentless in their pursuit. Actually, he suggests a detailed process for injecting both ambition and faith into your goals. This process includes:Going into a tranquil place, where you know you won’t be disturbed. Close your eyes and repeat out loud your affirmations;Repeat the affirmations every day and night;Put a copy of your affirmations in a place where you can see them every day, and read them both before going to bed and when you wake up.However, half-heartedly repeating your affirmations doesn’t make any sense; make sure that, while you do repeat, you can feel and sense your goals as already accomplished. Stretch your imagination to the max, and put emotion into your thoughts.
  5. Specialized knowledge.Hill proclaims that there’s two types of knowledge:General knowledge, which is definitely more popular, especially among university professors. It is, though, not very useful for the accumulation of wealth (that’s why professors, in most cases, are very intelligent yet not particularly rich). Hill himself says that there’s no such thing as “Knowledge is power”. Rather, he calls it potential power. It becomes actual power only when intelligently directed through specific plans of action and a well-defined purpose.Specialized knowledge, necessary for success. If you’re not specialized about the products or services you sell, chances are you’re never going to be wealthy or successful (or even happy?) in any endeavor. This type of knowledge can be acquired very easily through different sources: not only schools and universities, but also libraries, specialization courses, online materials; even some form of cooperation with others represents a higher form of knowledge.Education doesn’t stop on graduation day, and those who believe that are eternally condemned to mediocrity.
  6. Imagination.If there’s one quote that completely reflects the theory upon which this books is based, it would certainly be that of Albert Einstein:“Imagination is more important than knowledge. Knowledge is limited. Imagination encircles the world.”As men, we can translate thoughts into things. We can create anything that our mind conceives and deems possible. It descends that our mind can be both a blessing and a curse; our greatest ally or our worst enemy. While, if properly directed, our mind can function as a catalyst for progress and development, a contaminated one will surely harm us and make us victims of our own existences.Hill states that imagination can take the shape of:Synthetic Imagination → Through synthetic imagination, our mind works mostly through our past: experiences, successes, failures, and the like. Its job is just limited to finding new combinations with “past material”;Creative Imagination → This is the form of imagination in which impressions and inspiration take place, and it works only when our mind vibrates at an higher rhythm. Creative imagination can be stimulated by a strong desire and a clear and well-concocted plan (preferably written). When we think about the future in terms of opportunities, sketching the various outcomes that our actions might drive us towards, we discover a source of inner energy that will almost instantly make us more prone to work the plan and stick with it through and through. As this volume recurrently points out, ideas can be turned into wealth pretty easily if accompanied by great strategies and rigorously organized plans. Hill goes as far as saying that hard work doesn’t even matter when there’s a great plan in place, but that’s a different story (which doesn’t totally get my approval, by the way).
  7. Are you a decision-maker or a procrastinator?Procrastination is probably one of the main reasons most people aren’t satisfied with their lives. Procrastination means giving up on yourself, it means paying too much attention to other’s opinions about you and the possibilities in your life, it means looking at successful people and asking yourself “What if?” when it will probably be too late to change something. Well, I’m here (wait, Mr. Hill is here) to tell you that taking action equals making decisions. What you want your life to look like? Go out there, draw your ideal life on a piece of paper, and, after comparing your potential life with your current one, provide yourself what’s currently lacking, be it more resources, more positive associations or more powerful routines and habits. Spend the rest of your natural life waking up and going after your goals. Remember that everyone has opinions, even people who shouldn’t, and the sooner you grasp this, the faster you can decide to not put up with people whose aim is just that of bringing you and your dreams down.“Well done is well said.”Go out there and do something, then excuse yourself. Not the other way around. Listen to everybody’s opinion; damn, be respectful to them. But remember they’re just opinions. Take them with a grain of salt: smile, thank the people who expressed them, and do your things regardless. Make decisions and stick with those decisions no matter what (besides, change them by yourself if you really need to).
  8. Mastermind Alliance.So you have vision, desire, faith, knowledge, and imagination: what’s next?At this point is pivotal that you surround yourself with like-minded people, people whom you know you can trust on an intellectual perspective and that can give you noteworthy insights and sparks which you can draw inspiration from. The combined effort of multiple, high-performing minds, is what allowed new ventures and once-upon-a-time garage businesses to thrive and become established realities in today’s world. Hill says that once two or more minds get together, a third, way more powerful mind is created; one that can push itself way further than any individual’s could do on its own. Obviously, you should assess your strengths before creating or thinking about creating a mastermind alliance. What could you bring to the table? Do you have the knowledge, influence or resources to accomplish the end goal? If not, make sure you put yourself in a position where you can actually make your contribution to the cause. Remember that a Mastermind Alliance is not about completely outsourcing your idea, waiting for its resolution and taking credit if it succeeds; you have to do the grueling and arduous work, which includes assuming responsibilities for yours and your team’s efforts.
  9. Sex Trasmutation.I know you’re probably wondering what sex has to do with success. However, the two are more connected than you think.Sexual impulse is one of the most important desires we experience as human beings; through the trasmutation process, we intentionally redirect those sexual energies towards other objectives, enhancing our creative faculties in the pursuit of those objectives as a result.An above-than-average sexual nature is a typical feature of highly successful people; it doesn’t mean that they use it in a physical way, though. They simply convey that sexual energy through what they do. A great salesman can reach a position of influence in his field only if he’s able to fully trasmute his sexual energy during the sales process. He acknowledges his sexual desire, but consciously decides to translate it into enthusiasm and passion for his profession, instead of its most physical counterpart. This is very important: sex trasmutation requires an enormous amount of willpower, but its return on investment is more than worth it. If we can’t control our sexual impulses, we’ll end up behaving just like animals: losing our senses, our reason, and ultimately our ability to do meaningful and high-quality work.
  10. Subconscious mind.The subconscious part of your brain is like an archieve: it receives and contains your thoughts and impressions, regardless of their nature. It registers everything, and it acts based on your predominant thinking patterns. So if you feed your brain with the vision of wealth and success, it’ll work its way through making those aims a physical reality, and it works just as intensely with negative beliefs and convictions: it just does what you tell it to do.Make it an habit to implant positive thoughts into your mind and mix them with vision and faith. Then, “communicate” these plans to your subconscious through self-suggestion. Knowing that pessimistic impulses are much easier to create and a lot harder to destroy, try (as much as you can) to shut them off nonetheless, or at least distract your mind whenever you find it wandering around them. Again, don’t expect it to be easy: if you grew up in the same settings the vast majority of the current human population did, chances are you’ve been brainwashed for years with a lot of false beliefs such as “money is evil”, “the economy is worsening”, “having goals is egoistic”, and the likes. Understand that people who talk this way never experienced a meaningful and rich existence, and they probably never will; do yourself a favor and shield your mind from them; protect your spirit from contamination at all costs.
  11. Fear.Here comes the toughest of your opponents in the road to financial, mental, and spiritual success. Fear stops a lot of people from becoming their best selves, and it will try to stop you too — if you let it.Fear has many facets, and Hill traced a list of the seven which he considers the worst ones:Fear of poverty → Poverty and wealth can’t coexist. You either want one or the other, so if your desire is that of becoming wealthy (or even financially stable), decide how much riches you’d like to accumulate and make it a point to completely refuse poverty in your mind.Fear of criticism → History accustomed us to turn our nose up at criticism. In the past, contrary opinions meant punishment; since I’m italian, it’s sufficient for me to recall the Fascism era, which took place between 1922 and 1945 in Italy. During that time, any opposing view was casted as inappropriate, and the one who expressed it was highly likely to be killed.Years later, thankfully, the situation is completely different, yet when it comes to expressing our point of view, be it divergent or not, our minds are just as frightened as they would have been back in the day.Critics can have a profound effect if conveyed in an exaggerated quantity, especially to younger individuals; it can rob them of power, self-confidence and independent thinking.Fear of ill health → This fear, in my opinion, stems from two sources: the first one is represented by the opinion of those negative people that surround your life. It seems like they enjoy being cynical and pessimistic just as much as they hate living life to the fullest, and this spread negativity, sooner or later, will affect you and your thought pattern, making you increasingly likely to constantly overthink about negative outcomes in your own existence. The second one is embodied by the media: now, I’m not on some wich-hunt here, but have you ever heard a newscast that talked about something in a positive light? For more than five minutes? Yes, me neither. Nowadays, with the excuse of “making us aware” of what happens, the media tries to make matters worse by emotionalizing every single bit of event. And this, of course, makes us more pessimistic and ill-minded.Fear of loss love → Fear of losing a loved one is one of the most common — yet most terrifying for some — feelings that can be experienced. It stems from personal past experiences, and even going further back, from our ancestors also: in the primitive era, males got used to stealing women from other men, and they did that through brute force. Today, while the “crime” remains, the manners have changed: violent behaviors have been replaced by different baits, such as expensive cars, houses, and clothes.However, the fear of loss love is more common among women, since men, by their nature, are more inclined to be polygamous: a trait that makes them unworthy of trust most of the time (especially when in presence of rivals).Fear of old age → Less sexual attraction, more likelihood of getting ill, less mobility and strength; these are all natural consequences of old age. Instead of taking the elderly years of our lives as a chance to gather more acuity and life experiences, some of us refuse to acknowledge the positive side of aging, living in constant fear of its arrival as a result. Just like birth and growth, aging is part of life, and it is something that we’re all going to go through (major happenings apart). If you’re already in that stage, take that as a chance to be a fantastic parent, grand-parent or just a beautiful human being, spreading your wisdom and knowledge with those you care about the most.Fear of death → The last one, and one of the most dreaded, is the fear of death, which is related with the fear of the unknown. What does death mean? Where am I going to end up? Will there be any “heaven” or “hell”? These are all legit questions, but we can’t and will never know the answers. Death is a mysterious, unpredictable event, and unpredictability scares us. At the same time, though, being afraid of death is useless (just like it’s useless to be scared about any of the fears described above): death is necessary, and like aging, no one ever escaped from it. Maybe it’s not even as bad as many people make you believe. Maybe it’s just a transition. Maybe that transition is toward something better. Who knows?